Innovation and Technology


Incinerator Standards

Edward M. Voelker
To cite this article: Edward M. Voelker (1962) Incinerator Standards, Journal of the Air Pollution
Control Association, 12:10, 487-491, DOI: 10.1080/00022470.1962.10468118
Published online: 19 Mar 2012.
Article views: 4785

EDWARD M. VOELKER, Chairman, Technical Committee, Incinerator Institute of America, New York, New York

History of the Incinerator Institute of America

In late 1949 and the early months of 1950, a group of incinerator manufacturers met in Cleveland and New York to discuss their common problems. These discussions, held under the guidance of Stewart Clarkson Associates, resulted in the formation of the Incinerator Institute of America on June 19, 1950. The Incinerator Institute of America is a non-profit organization presently guided by Industry Groups whose president, Mr. Peter Gopcevic, is Executive Secretary to the IIA.
It is significant that the membership has grown from the original five companies which represented a relatively small part of the industry to today’s 13 nationally known concerns. Today’s membership represents the great majority of companies designing and building incinerators for the commercial and industrial field and a considerable percentage of the domestic and municipal field.
The first officers of the TIA were Richard Goder, President; Fred Donley and John Herbert, Vice Presidents. The present officers are Edward Sargent, President; Dan Schwartz and Edward Voelker, Vice Presidents. The writer is Chairman of the Technical Committee and also Chairman of the Standards Committee and in these capacities presents this technical paper.
Only briefly will be mentioned the early struggles of the organization; to gain additional membership, to develop a Code of Ethics, its struggle
for recognition, and its financial problems. However, as the States and Communities emphasized stream and air pollution, there was a natural
emphasis placed on the incinerator manufacturers to up-grade the services and products of their industry to meet the demand for efficient nuisance free disposal of combustible waste. As stream and air pollution authorities Presented at the 55th Annual Meeting of APCA, Sheraton-Chicago Hotel, May 20-24, 1962, Chicago, Illinois. were created throughout the country, the need for Classification of Combustible Wastes, the Classification of Incinerators and Incinerator Terminology became more and more important.
A great deal of credit must, therefore, be given to the founders of the Incinerator Institute of America for their foresight in seeing the necessity for such an organization and their stamina in holding together until a greater majoritv of the industry saw the light.

IIA Incinerator Standards

During the first few years, the member firms pooled all information at their disposal in regard to moisture content and heating values of typical wastes. They also determined that some form of research program was necessary and New York University was engaged to carry out this portion. Their study entitled “Proceedings—Symposium on Development in Incinerator Research,” dated January 1958, was reviewed by the members of
the IIA and the first Incinerator Standards were published in April 1958, by the IIA. Two subsequent editions were published and in April 1960, the fourth published version was issued. The Incinerator Terminology, Waste Analysis and Classification of Incinerators as published in these editions have been accepted and are in constant use by stream and air pollution authorities, architects, and engineers.

The Incinerator Standards have purposely dealt only with basic incinerator designs. However, all of us know that the best designed incinerator will not operate nuisance free if the space around it is inadequate, if there is insufficient air supply to the incinerator room, or if the stack or draft producing equipment is inadequate. For this reason we have in the present Standards a chapter entitled, “Essentials for Good Planning.” The incinerator designer or manufacturer should not and cannot be held responsible for the design over which he has no control. For this reason we ask the designing architect and engineer to give careful consideration to the following:

  1. Collection and Method of Changing the Refuse. Only the architect and/or engineer can in the initial planning of the building structure locate the incinerator within or outside the main structure to avoid difficulties in bringing the waste material to the incinerator.
  2. Ample Areas Around the Incinerator for Charging, Stoking, and Ash Handling, as Well as General Maintenance. Again only the architect and/or engineer can in the initial planning provide an incinerator room or area of ample size so that all operations necessary to accomplish good ncineration can be carried on. Not only must space be provided for charging, stoking, and ash handling, but also for the maintenance of the ncinerator itself, its burners, clampers, etc.
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